Project Development

Water Reuse Project Development Stages

The steps in the development of a municipal effluent reuse project by an industry are described below.
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Water Reuse References

Links to external references are provided to help industries and municipalities develop water reuse projects.

Step External References
Organization Reference/Title/Link Reference Description
Should an industry consider external water reuse? USEPA Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits This website provides an overview of the environmental benefits of water recycling and reuse.
World Bank Water Resources and Environment Technical Note No. F 3. Wastewater Reuse This report provides an overview of water reuse applications, the planning of water reuse projects, the development of public education programs, and the economics of reuse schemes.
WateReuse Association Manual of Practice: How to Develop a Water Reuse Program This manual provides a standardized planning approach for communities to develop and analyze new water reuse projects in a way that achieves credible projects that are justifiable and defensible.
Water Environment Research Foundation Management Practices for Nonpotable Water Reuse This report is a review of nonpotable reuse planning and management experiences. The study comprises an extensive literature review, a management survey encompassing 65 projects in the U.S. and other countries, and case examples. The resulting report addresses a spectrum of topics, including economic, regulatory, management, planning, and public outreach.
The National Academies Use of Reclaimed Water and Sludge in Food Crop Production This report is particularly useful to municipalities in assessing use of treated municipal wastewater and sludge in producing crops for human consumption. It highlights public concerns and regulatory issues likely to be faced.
Water Research Foundation Industrial Water Quality Requirements for Reclaimed Water This report identifies the industries that are capable of using large volumes of reclaimed water year-round and summarizes water quality requirements for these industries. Also reports on the viewpoints of suppliers (utilities), users (customers), and regulators.
International Water Association Water Recycling and Reuse: Potential, Safety and Best Practices The implementation of water recycling and reuse requires a global framework that considers institutional, financial and practical aspects to enable local stakeholders to manage recycled water safely.
USEPA Guidelines for Water Reuse This new 2012 document updates the U.S. state reuse regulations and provides a list of state contacts. The document describes industrial reuse practices including reuse practices outside of the U.S, updates the discussion of treatment technologies in all areas of water reclamation, and expands the discussion of health issues to include emerging chemicals and pathogens. Finally, this document provides current information on economic, user rates, and project funding mechanisms.
Use WaterMatch to locate and contact nearby municipal WWTPs with availability Florida Department of Environmental Protection - Water Florida Reuse Inventory Database and Annual Report Domestic wastewater treatment facilities (0.1 million gallons per day and greater) that provide reclaimed water are required to submit annual reuse reports to FDEP as well as the applicable water management district. These annual reports are the basis for FDEP’s reuse inventory database, from which a reuse inventory report is compiled and published annually.
Texas Water Development Board Texas has identified Water Reuse as part of their Innovative Water Technology Initiative intended to promote and advance the use of non-traditional water supply development and management technologies.
Screen options for viability WateReuse Association An Economic Framework for Evaluating Benefits and Costs of Water Reuse This research report develops an economic framework that is a tool to help water agencies and other water sector professionals conduct a benefit–cost analysis (BCA) of reuse or desalination investments.
Evaluate feasibility of available option(s) WateReuse Association Decision Support System for Selection of Satellite versus Regional Treatment for Reuse Systems This is a spreadsheet-based tool to assist utilities in comparing the advantages of constructing a satellite wastewater treatment plant for reclaimed water use and those of using a regional wastewater treatment plant.
WateReuse Association Evaluating Pricing Levels and Structures to Support Reclaimed Water Systems This is a spreadsheet designed to allow utility staff, public officials, and stakeholders to assess the financial solvency of a reclaimed water program.
Water Environment Federation (WEF) Water Reuse: Understanding Public Perception and Participation This report provides guidance to help water professionals communicate with the public about water reuse issues and other controversial issues. The report details a framework of five principles that should underlie all communication, as well as methods to analyze and tailor outreach efforts to a particular community.
Establish agreement of understanding with municipal WWTP Water Environment Research Foundation Membrane Bioreactors: Feasibility and Use in Water Reclamation This report examines the use of membranes as bioreactors in place of a sedimentation step in wastewater treatment.
Establish project agreement with municipal WWTP International Water Association Task Group on Performance Based Contracts for Improving Utility Efficiency The aim of the task group is to improve understanding and undertaking of effective Performance Based Contracts (PBCs) to improve utility efficiency and mainstream the application of PBCs as a concept for investment.
Perform basic design and cost estimate Water Environment Research Foundation Disinfection of Wastewater Effluent - Comparison of Alternative Technologies The report summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of the technologies.
Engineer and construct project WateReuse Association Site Supervisor Training Manual for Users of Reclaimed Water The purpose of this manual is to help these agencies quickly bring their staff up-to-speed on the safe operation of a commercial water reclamation program.
Operate and maintain system WateReuse Association Marketing Nonpotable Recycled Water: A Guidebook for Successful Public Outreach & Customer Marketing The purpose of this guidebook is to provide agencies with a comprehensive document to aid in planning and designing a public outreach and customer marketing campaign for a recycled water program